During the Nazi bombing of London, women in voluntary organizations provided support services such as firefighting and transporting food to soldiers and the affected. By 1943, the WVS had about a million members. Many of those in volunteer service were elderly as the younger women worked in factories and on farms. They sheltered people who had been affected by the bombing in underground facilities. When the cities of the UK were not in danger, the women weaved socks, balaclavas, and other clothes to keep the soldiers warm during winter.